[15] 英文法語法&長文 大学入試 30日直前対策【広島修道大学 2020】

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宿題:今回は広島修道大学 2020から15題です。予習してね!

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宿題

難易度

易・やや易・標準・やや難・難・激難

4択

1 My brother plays baseball in the nearby park (      ) the weekend.

(1)  by

(2)  while

(3)  about

(4)  on

 

2 (      ) she was in Tokyo, she did not visit Tokyo Tower.

(1)  Although

(2)  Because

(3)  Whether

(4)  Yet

 

3 We had (      ) rain this summer.

(1)  little

(2)  few

(3)  several

(4)  most

 

4 The student didn’t (      ) her teacher that she would be late for school.

(1)  talk

(2)  speak

(3)  tell

(4)  say

 

5 If my father (      ) at the station five minutes earlier, he would have caught the train.

(1)  arrived

(2)  had arrived

(3)  has arrived

(4)  has been arriving

 

6 New Year’s Day (      ) on a Friday next year.

(1)  gets

(2)  falls

(3)  takes

(4)  puts

 

7 My brother (      ) early in the morning so that he could catch his flight.

(1)  set off

(2)  put up

(3)  started on

(4)  come up

 

8 The celebrity’s gorgeous dress was purchased (      ) $200,000 at auction.

(1)  by

(2)  for

(3)  from

(4)  of

 

9 What is the train (      ) from Hiroshima to Osaka?

(1)  fare

(2)  fee

(3)  charge

(4)  price

正誤

次の各文の下線部のうち,語法上誤りのある箇所を一つ指摘せよ。

10 My mother told me (1)to finish my homework (2)within half an hour, (3)that I found (4)impossible.

11 I’ll never forget (1)to get lost (2)when we were (3)climbing in (4)the Alps last year.

12 (1)Since she was very tired, she was (2)laying on the sofa (3)with her eyes (4)closed.

13 The twins (1)look so much (2)like that it is difficult for their classmates to (3)tell one (4)from the other.

14 (1)As this will be (2)the last game this season, you (3)may invite (4)who wants to come.

15 I (1)was surprised (2)at the news that Mary (3)had got married (4)with Tom.

 

解説

1/15

My brother plays baseball / in the nearby park/ (      ) the weekend.

(1)  by     (2)  while 接    (3)  about    (4)  on 前

 

nearby 近くの

 

while SV

while (S be) ~

while Ving

while 前置詞+名詞

 

on 日付

on the weekend(s)

at the weekend(s)

 

on Saturdays every Saturday 毎週土曜

 

答え:4

My brother plays baseball in the nearby park on the weekend.

兄は週末近くの公園で野球をしている。

2/15

(      ) she was in Tokyo, she did not visit Tokyo Tower.

(1)  Although    (2)  Because    (3)  Whether    (4)  Yet

 

等位接続詞 / fanboys

for

and

nor

but

or

yet

so

 

SV ———, yet SV ———–.

SV ———, but SV ———–.

SV ———————————. Yet SV ———–.

SV ———————————-. But SV ———–.

 

答え:1

Although she was in Tokyo, she did not visit Tokyo Tower.

東京にいたにもかかわらず、東京タワーには行っていない。

3/15

We had (      ) rain this summer.

(1)  little    (2)  few    (3)  several    (4)  most

 

many+可算名詞 many cars たくさん
a few+可算名詞 a few cars 少し
few+可算名詞 few cars ほとんど~ない

 

much+不可算名詞 much water たくさん
a little+不可算名詞 a little water 少し
little+不可算名詞 little water ほとんど~ない

 

rain 名詞
We had a lot of rain this year.

 

rain 動詞
It rained a lot yesterday

 

rainy 形容詞
It was rainy yesterday.
a rainy day

 

答え:1

We had little rain this summer.

今年の夏は雨が少なかった。

4/15

The student didn’t (      ) her teacher that she would be late for school.

(1)  talk    (2)  speak    (3)  tell    (4)  say

 

tell 人~ ←暗記
tell A about B
tell A from B ABと見分ける
tell A to V AVするよう言う
tell A that SV SVだと~に言う
tell A if/whether SV SVかどうか~に言う
tell () a lie / lies
tell the truth
tell O1 O2

 

talk/speak of /about X Xについて話す
to /with X ~と話す

 

talk into Ving 人を説得してVさせる
talk out of Ving 人を説得してVさせない

 

say / mention / explain 名詞 (to )
(to ) that SV

 

答え:3

The student didn’t tell her teacher that she would be late for school.

生徒は学校に遅刻することを先生に伝えていませんでした。

5/15

If my father (      ) at the station five minutes earlier, he would have caught the train.

(1)  arrived

(2)  had arrived

(3)  has arrived

(4)  has been arriving

 

過去の仮の話=仮定法過去完了

If S had Vpp,  S would have Vpp

 

現在や未来の仮の話=仮定法過去

If S 過去, S would V原形

 

wouldの部分はwould / could / mightでもOK(意味は違う)

 

答え:2

If my father had arrived at the station five minutes earlier, he would have caught the train.

父が5分早く駅に着いていれば、電車に乗れたのに。

6/15

New Year’s Day (      ) on a Friday next year.

(1)  gets    (2)  falls    (3)  takes    (4)  puts

 

get on the train / the bus / the plane

get off

 

get into X

get out of X

 

take on X=(仕事などを)引き受ける、負う、帯びる

put on 服=服を着る

 

答え:2

New Year’s Day falls on a Friday next year.

来年のお正月は金曜日。

7/15

My brother (      ) early in the morning so that he could catch his flight.

(1)  set off    (2)  put up    (3)  started on    (4)  come up

 

put up with X Xを我慢する
start on X Xを攻撃する
come up with X Xを思いつく
catch up with X Xに追いつく

 

【従位接続詞】

because SVなど

 

so that SV SVするために、(できる)ように

 

答え:1

My brother set off early in the morning so that he could catch his flight.

兄は飛行機に間に合うように朝早く出発した

8/15

The celebrity’s gorgeous dress was purchased (      ) $200,000 at auction.

(1)  by    (2)  for    (3)  from    (4)  of

 

purchase 買う

 

能動態

buy for お金

purchase for お金

↑↓

受動態

was purchased for お金

 

■+α

pay (お金) for

 

答え:2

The celebrity’s gorgeous dress was purchased for $200,000 at auction.

芸能人のゴージャスなドレスがオークションで20万ドルで落札された。

9/15

What is the train (      ) from Hiroshima to Osaka?

(1)  fare    (2)  fee    (3)  charge    (4)  price

 

fare 運賃 fairじゃない運賃
fee 入場料、授業料
charge サービス系 宅配代
price ①値段、価格 ②代償

 

答え:1

What is the train fare from Hiroshima to Osaka?

広島から大阪までの電車賃は?

正誤問題

10/15

My mother told me (1)to finish my homework (2)within half an hour, (3)that I found (4)impossible.

 

関係代名詞は2文からできている

I saw Mt.Fuji. + It was beautiful.

〇 I saw Mt.Fuji, which was beautiful.

× I saw Mt.Fuji, that was beautiful.

 

V O C
find 名詞 形容詞 OCだとわかる

 

My mother told me ~.+ I found it impossible.

My mother told me ~.+I found which impossible.

My mother told me ~, which I found impossible.

 

答え:3

My mother told me to finish my homework within half an hour, which I found impossible.

母に「30分以内に宿題を終わらせなさい」と言われましたが、それは無理でした。

11/15

11 I’ll never forget (1)to get lost (2)when we were (3)climbing in (4)the Alps last year.

 

forget to V これからVするということを忘れる
forget Ving Vingしたことを忘れる

 

■これから~するのを忘れないで

Don’t forget to lock the door. ≒ Remember to ~

 

Ving to V
過去 未来
マイナス プラス
習慣・癖 これから

 

答え:1

I’ll never forget getting lost when we were climbing in the Alps last year.

去年、アルプスに登った時の道に迷ったことは忘れられない。

12/15

(1)Since she was very tired, she was (2)laying on the sofa (3)with her eyes (4)closed.

 

Since SV Because SV

 

自動詞 lie lay レ lain レ lying ラ
他動詞 lay レ laid レ  laid レ laying レ +名詞

 

他動詞+名詞はセット

I have a pen.

I laid my dog on the sofa.

 

AをBして、したまま

with A B
名詞 Ving
名詞 Vpp
名詞 形容詞
名詞 前置詞+名詞
名詞 前置詞(副詞)

 

例)

I was waiting with the engine running.

He was talking with his legs crossed.

I fell asleep with the TV on.

 

答え:2

Since she was very tired, she was lying on the sofa with her eyes closed.

とても疲れていたので、目を閉じてソファに横になっていました。

13/15

The twins (1)look so much (2)like that it is difficult for their classmates to (3)tell one (4)from the other.

 

A look alike B=AはBに似ている

 

like=前置詞・接続詞 ~ようだ

 

look+形容詞 ~に見える
look happy
look sad
look alike 似て見える→似ている

 

答え:2

The twins look so much alike that it is difficult for their classmates to tell one from the other.

その双子は、同級生が見分けるのが難しいほどよく似ている。

14/15

(1)As this will be (2)the last game this season, you (3)may invite (4)who wants to come.

 

invite+人

invite+名詞のカタマリ

invite [whoever wants to come]. ←これならOK

 

whoever ~ ~な人なら誰でも 名詞のカタマリ
whoever~ 誰が~でも 副詞のカタマリ no matter who

 

He is the man. + I know him.

He is the man. + I know who

He is the man who I know.

 

答え:4

As this will be the last game this season, you may invite whoever wants to come.

今シーズン最後の試合になるので、来たい人を誘ってもいいですよ。

15/15

I (1)was surprised (2)at the news that Mary (3)had got married (4)with Tom.

 

数・時・態・品詞

He have He has

I have some car. I have some cars.

 

marryの形

marry A to B

A is married to B 結婚している 状態

A got married to B ABと結婚した 動作

 

A marry B ABと結婚する

 

Marry me!

Will you marry me?

 

答え:4

I was surprised at the news that Mary had got married to Tom.

メアリーがトムと結婚したというニュースには驚いた。

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