[08] 英文法語法 大学入試 30日直前対策【法政大学 2020】

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宿題

2020 法政大学 2/11,A方式, デザイン工 /理工 /生命科

(1)  You can rent a snowboard [      ] the hour at this shop.

  in

  by

  at

  to

 

(2)  The waiter [      ] us the menu.

  took 

  ordered

  brought

  saved

 

(3)  The cold weather [      ] the leaves yellow.

  turned

  brought

  changed

  took

 

(4)  Our elementary school is no longer the school [      ] it was ten years ago.

  which

  where

  in which

  when

 

(5)  Albert Einstein developed the theory of relativity, [      ].

  the basis of modern physics

  it is the basis of modern physics

  that is the basis of modern physics

  in which the basis of modern physics

 

(6) 

A   I saw Yong at Shinjuku Station this morning.

B   You [      ] have. She’s still on vacation in Hawaii.

  won’t

  should

  must

  couldn’t

 

(7) 

A   I couldn’t believe the news that our school won the championship.

B   [      ] could I.

  Neither

  No

  Not

  None

 

(8) 

A   I hear the presentation was a great success.

B   Yes, it [      ] to have attracted more than five hundred people.

  reports

  tells

  is told

  is reported

 

(9) 

A   How do you like Thailand?

B   I have [      ] it very relaxing.

  known

  realized

  found

  reminded

 

(10) 

A   How can you [      ] the difference between cabbage and lettuce?

B   A cabbage feels heavier when you hold it in your hands.

  make

  tell

  separate

  divide

 

2020 法政大学 2/12,A方式 経済 /社会 /スポーツ健康

1  I (      ) in Kyoto for two years before I moved to Tokyo.

aam living

bhad lived

clive

dhave lived

 

2  Mike and I (      ) study together in the library when we were in high school.

awas used to

bhaving used to

cwere used to

dused to

 

3  Those who enter the construction site (      ) wear hard hats and gloves.

aare supposed to

bsupposed to

care supposing to

dsuppose to

 

4  (      ) the printer in our department was out of order, we had to ask the science department if we could use theirs.

aThus

bDespite

cAs

dHowever

 

5  Mary told me that her study trip to America was wonderful. I wish I (      ) in that too.

aparticipated

bhad participated

cwill participate

dhave participated

 

6  It’s (      ) to know Mr. Cunningham is getting married.

asurprised

bto surprise

cmy surprise

dsurprising

 

7  Researchers have long debated (      ) Saturn’s moon, Titan, has oceans and lakes.

aover

bwhether

cwhich

dabout

 

8  Sarah is confused with a (      ) problem than usual.

afar more hard

bless harder

cmuch harder

dno more hard

 

9  Jack is going to fly back to California (      ) Hawaii.

ain the course of

bin line to

cby means of

dby way of

 

10  To (      ) the growing demand for their products, the manufacturer will need to hire more workers.

ajump up with

blook up to

ckeep up with

dstay up to

 

11 

A   Would you mind my opening the window?

B   (      ). Go ahead.

aCertainly not

bActually, I can’t

cNever mind

dYes, I do

 

12 

A   How did you find so much useful information?

B   It was easy (      ) the new library search system.

abecause

bthanks to

cin terms of

din the course of

 

13 

A   Why do you look so nervous?

B   I’ve got a big presentation tomorrow.

A   (      ). It will be fine.

aGive it up

bWatch out

cI’ll get ready

dTake it easy

 

14 

A   Are you coming to the party next week?

B   (      ), but I can’t. I’ve got Judo practice.

aI’m fond of

bI’m going to

cI’d like to

dI hope to

 

15 

A   How did you do on the exam yesterday?

B   I’m not sure. It was (      ).

aneither easy nor difficult

beither easy or difficult

cfar easy and difficult

dalmost easy to difficult

解説

(1)  You can rent a snowboard [      ] the hour at this shop.

  in      by      at      to

 

名詞+to the 単位 This car gets 25 km to the litter. この車はリッター25kmです。
by the 単位 by the hour 時間単位

 

(2)  The waiter [      ] us the menu.

  took      ordered      brought      saved

 

take O1O2 持っていく
bring O1O2 持ってくる
order O1O2 O1O2を注文する、頼む
save O1O2 O1 からO2(手間など)を省く

 

(3)  The cold weather [      ] the leaves yellow.

  turned      brought      changed      took

 

turn O C = turn +名詞+形容詞
turn A into B  
change A into B  

 

(4)  Our elementary school is no longer the school [      ] it was ten years ago.

  which      where      in which      when

 

Our ~ school is no longer the school. + It was the school ten years ago.

 

(5)  Albert Einstein developed the theory of relativity, [      ].

  the basis of modern physics

  it is the basis of modern physics

  that is the basis of modern physics

  in which the basis of modern physics

 

(6)

A      I saw Yong at Shinjuku Station this morning.

B      You [      ] have. She’s still on vacation in Hawaii.

  won’t      should      must      couldn’t

 

現在(肯定) 現在(否定) 過去(肯定) 過去(否定)
may かも   may have Vpp したかも  
might かも   might have Vpp したかも  
can 可能性がある   can have Vpp cannot have Vpp
したはずがない
could かも cannot
はずがない
could have Vpp したかも

       できたかも

could not have Vpp
したはずがない
ought to はずだ could not はずがない ought to have Vpp したはずだ  
should はずだ   should have Vpp したはずだ  
would だろう   would have Vpp(仮定法)  
will だろう   will have Vpp(未来完了)  
must 違いない
have to 違いない
  must have Vpp したに違いない  

 

(7)

A      I couldn’t believe the news that our school won the championship.

B      [      ] could I.

  Neither      No      Not      None

 

私もそうだ・私もそうじゃない

 

be動詞(am, is, are, was, wereあるよ)

肯定 否定
I am a student. I’m not a student.
me, too. me, neither.
I’m a student, too. I’m not a student, either.
So am I. Neither am I.
Nor am I.

 

一般動詞(do, does, didあるよ)

肯定 否定
I like cats. I don’t like cats.
me, too. me, neither.
I like them, too. I don’t like them, either.
So do I. Neither do I.
Nor do I.

 

③助動詞

肯定 否定
I can do it. I can’t do it.
me, too. me, neither.
I can do it, too. I can’t do it, either.
So can I. Neither can I.
Nor
can I.

 

(8)

A      I hear the presentation was a great success.

B      Yes, it [      ] to have attracted more than five hundred people.

  reports      tells      is told      is reported

 

【繰り上げ構文】

that節の中の主語をitに代入

②動詞の時制を確認

時制にずれがなし→ to V

時制にずれがある→ to have Vpp

 

It is thought that SV

↑↓

S is thought to V

S is thought to have Vpp

 

It is thought that he is kind.

↑↓

He is thought to be kind.

 

It is thought that he did it.

He is thought to have done it.

 

(9)

A      How do you like Thailand?

B      I have [      ] it very relaxing.

  known      realized      found      reminded

 

S V O C
I have it relaxing

 

keep / leave / find O C

 

(10)

A      How can you [      ] the difference between cabbage and lettuce?

B      A cabbage feels heavier when you hold it in your hands.

  make      tell      separate      divide

 

That doesn’t make a difference.

そんなことは重要でない / どうでもいい

 

2020 法政大学 2/12,A方式 経済 社会 スポーツ健康

 

1  I (      ) in Kyoto for two years before I moved to Tokyo.

aam living    bhad lived    clive    dhave lived

 

2  Mike and I (      ) study together in the library when we were in high school.

awas used to    bhaving used to    cwere used to

dused to

 

look forward to Ving/名詞 することを期待する
when it comes to Ving/名詞 ということになる
with a view to Ving/名詞 目的=のために
What do you say to Ving/名詞 ~するのはどうですか
be used to Ving/名詞 ~に慣れている
get used to Ving/名詞 ~に慣れる
be accostumed to Ving/名詞 ~に慣れている
get accostumed to Ving/名詞 ~に慣れる
come close to Ving/名詞 あやうくVする
come near to Ving/名詞 あやうく~する
be opposed to Ving/名詞 ~に反対している
object to Ving/名詞 ~に反対する

 

3  Those who enter the construction site (      ) wear hard hats and gloves.

aare supposed to    bsupposed to    care supposing to

dsuppose to

 

4  (      ) the printer in our department was out of order, we had to ask the science department if we could use theirs.

aThus    bDespite    cAs    dHowever

 

Thus 副詞
despite 前置詞
as 接続詞、前置詞
however 副詞
①しかし
②どうやって~しようとも
, however+形容詞/副詞 どんなに~しようとも

 

5  Mary told me that her study trip to America was wonderful. I wish I (      ) in that too.

aparticipated    bhad participated    cwill participate

dhave participated

過去の仮の話 (過去)If S had Vpp, (過去)S would / could / might have Vpp
ねじれ (過去)If S had Vpp, (現在)S would / could / might V原形
現在の仮の話(有り得ない) (現在)If S 過去, (現在)S would / could / might V原形
直接法(起こりうる今の話) If S 現在, S will / can / may V原形
【未来1】 If S should V原形 ⑤ (please) V原形(※命令文)
⑦【未来2】 If S were to V原形 ⑥S would / could / might V原形

 

6  It’s (      ) to know Mr. Cunningham is getting married.

asurprised    bto surprise    cmy surprise    dsurprising

 

7  Researchers have long debated (      ) Saturn’s moon, Titan, has oceans and lakes.

aover    bwhether    cwhich    dabout

 

8  Sarah is confused with a (      ) problem than usual.

afar more hard    bless harder    cmuch harder

dno more hard

 

9  Jack is going to fly back to California (      ) Hawaii.

ain the course of    bin line to    cby means of

dby way of

 

10  To (      ) the growing demand for their products, the manufacturer will need to hire more workers.

ajump up with    blook up to    ckeep up with

dstay up to

jump up  
stay up (for X)  

 

11 

A      Would you mind my opening the window?

B      (      ). Go ahead.

aCertainly not    bActually, I can’t    cNever mind

dYes, I do

 

12 

A      How did you find so much useful information?

B      It was easy (      ) the new library search system.

abecause    bthanks to    cin terms of    din the course of

 

a . because 接続詞
bthanks to 前置詞
cin terms of 前置詞
din the course of 前置詞

 

because of

on account of

by virtue of

for reasons of

on (the) grounds of

 

owing to

due to

thanks to

 

13 

A      Why do you look so nervous?

B      I’ve got a big presentation tomorrow.

A      (      ). It will be fine.

aGive it up    bWatch out    cI’ll get ready

dTake it easy

 

give it up (for X) (X)拍手を送る

 

14 

A      Are you coming to the party next week?

B      (      ), but I can’t. I’ve got Judo practice.

aI’m fond of    bI’m going to    cI’d like to    dI hope to

 

be fond of X Xが大好きだ、気に入っている

 

15 

A      How did you do on the exam yesterday?

B      I’m not sure. It was (      ).

aneither easy nor difficult    beither easy or difficult

cfar easy and difficult    dalmost easy to difficult

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