[10] 英文法語法 大学入試 30日直前対策【立命館大学 2020】

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本日:12/24 水曜 23:00~

宿題:今回は立命館大学 2020から10題です。予習してね!

宿題

1  A long time ago, (      ) lived a rich Japanese farmer.

(1)  he

(2)  it

(3)  there

(4)  which

 

2  You can be proud of (      ) late for your job.

(1)  never have being

(2)  never have been

(3)  never having been

(4)  never to be

 

3  (      ) your parents are retiring, they can enjoy traveling more.

(1)  As soon as

(2)  Now that

(3)  When

(4)  Once

 

4  She ordered the model train, a picture of (      ) she had seen in the catalog.

(1)  that

(2)  what

(3)  which

(4)  whose

 

5  She (      ) to have been one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century.

(1)  believes

(2)  has believed

(3)  is being believed

(4)  is believed

 

6  Our boss would like the task (      ) by the end of the day.

(1)  be finished

(2)  finish

(3)  to be finished

(4)  to finish

 

7  I like this architecture (      ) the better for its imperfections.

(1)  all

(2)  far

(3)  so

(4)  such

 

8  I am looking for a spoon (      ) eat this fruit pudding.

(1)  by that I can

(2)  which I can

(3)  which is able to

(4)  with which to

 

 

9  She took her smartphone to school (      ) told not to by her parents.

(1)  although it was

(2)  although she had

(3)  despite having been

(4)  despite that

 

10  The new bridge (      ) by the end of next year.

(1)  has been completed

(2)  is to be completed

(3)  will complete

(4)  will have completed

解説

1/10

A long time ago, (      ) lived a rich Japanese farmer.

(1)  he    (2)  it    (3)  there    (4)  which

 

【1文型を取る動詞=自動詞】

M V S
副詞
前置詞+名詞
動詞 名詞
There is a rich ~ farmer.
There lived a rich ~ farmer.
There remains a problem.
There happens an accident.
There comes a car.
There seems a problem.
There existed a village.

 

答え:3 there

2/10

You can be proud of (      ) late for your job.

(1)  never have being

(2)  never have been

(3)  never having been

(4)  never to be

 

I am proud that I am a nurse.

↑↓

I am proud of being a nurse.

 

I am proud that I was a nurse.

↑↓

I am pround of having been a nurse.

 

I am proud that SV

↑↓

I am proud of Ving

I am proud of having Vpp

 

【参考】

S seem to V

S seem to have Vpp

 

答え:3

3/10

(      ) your parents are retiring, they can enjoy traveling more.

(1)  As soon as

(2)  Now that

(3)  When

(4)  Once

 

接続詞+SV

 

as soon as SV SVするとすぐに
now that SV 今やSVしているので 理由≒ because / Since / As
in that SV
When SV SVするとき
Once SV いったんSVすると 時・条件≒if

In that your parents are surppotive, you are lucky.

 

答え:2

4/10

She ordered the model train, a picture of (      ) she had seen @ in the catalog.

(1)  that    (2)  what    (3)  which    (4)  whose+名詞

 

I saw him. / I have seen him before.

 

I like it → I like what → what I like(名詞のカタマリ)

 

I was surprised at it I was surprised at what

→ what I was surprised at @

 

関係代名詞は2文からできている。

 

She ordered the model train. + she had seen the picture of it.

She ordered the model train. + she had seen the picture of which.

She ordered the model train the picture of which she had seen.

 

in the catalog.

 

She ordered the model train the picture of which she had seen in the catalog.

G 彼女はカタログで見た写真を鉄道模型に注文しました。

D カタログで見たことのある写真の鉄道模型を注文したそうです。

 

答え:3

 

5/10

She (      ) to have been one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century.

(1)  believes

(2)  has believed

(3)  is being believed

(4)  is believed

 

  1. X) It is believed that SV

↑↓

  1. Y) S is believed to V
  2. Z) S is believed to have Vpp

 

It is believed that she was one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century.

↑↓

She is believed to have been one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century.

彼女は20世紀で最も偉大な科学者の一人であったと信じられています。

 

【繰り上げ構文】

that SVSitに代入

thatto Vに変換する

動詞2つに時制のズレが無し→ to V

動詞2つに時制のズレがある→ to have Vpp

 

  1. X) It is believed that SV

↑↓

  1. Y) S is believed to V
  2. Z) S is believed to have Vpp

 

答え:4

6/10

Our boss would like the task (      ) by the end of the day.

(1)  be finished

(2)  finish +名詞

(3)  to be finished

(4)  to finish +名詞

 

期限のby

 

S V Oが Cする
名詞 would like O to V
もの to be Vpp

 

仕事は「終えられる側」

 

we finish the task.

The task is finished (by us).

 

would like O to V

I would like you to go to buy the bread.

 

want  O to V

allow O to V

cause O to V

force  O to V

compel O to V

ask O to V

advise O to V

beg O to V

enable O to V

 

答え:3

7/10

I like this architecture (      ) the better for its imperfections.

(1)  all    (2)  far    (3)  so    (4)  such

 

(all) the 比較級 for+理由
all the 比較級 because SVall the 比較級 because of Xall the 比較級 on account of Xall the 比較級 in that SV
とてもそのぶん~だ

 

元の文章を考える

 

all =強調≒ very
the 副詞のthatから来ている「そのぶん」

 

I have to study hard.

I have to study harder.

I have to study the harder.

I have to study all the harder.

I have to study all the harder +理由

I have to study all the harder for the test.

 

none the 比較級

 

I like Tom none the less for his faults.

 

none the less にもかかわらず

 

何もそのぶんlessがない

none 何も~ない

little – less – least

lessは否定「レス」

 

答え:1

8/10

I am looking for a spoon (      ) eat this fruit pudding.

(1)  by that I can

(2)  which I can

(3)  which is able to

(4)  with which to

 

I eat melon with a spoon.

 

前置詞+which to V 暗記!!

 

write with a pen.

write on paper.

I need something with which to write.

I need something on which to write.

 

This is the house. + I live in it.

This is the house. + I live in which.

This is the house in which I live.

 

答え:4

9/10

She took her smartphone to school (      ) told not to by her parents.

(1)  although it was

(2)  although she had

(3)  despite having been

(4)  despite that despite the fact that SV≒ (al)though SVなら可能

 

tell O to V → tell O not to V

 

元の文を書く

Her parents told her not take スマホ. 能動態

She was told not to take ~~~~ by her parents.

She had been told not to take ~~~~ by her parents.

 

despite+名詞

 

She took her smartphone to school <despite having been told not to by her parents>.

 

take A to B
bring A to B

lead A to B

 

~にもかかわらず ≒前置詞

despite X
in spite of X
for all X
with all X
in the teeth of X
in the face of X
notwithstanding X X notwithstanding

 

答え:4

10/10

The new bridge (      ) by the end of next year.

(1)  has been completed will

(2)  is to be completed

(3)  will complete +名詞
(4)  will have completed +名詞

 

be to構文 受動態
be to V be Vpp

 

自動詞 VS 他動詞

complete+名詞 ~を完成させる

 

かぎようい・ぎょうかい

be to V 不定詞
可能 can 否定文+受動態
義務 should
予定 be going to
運命 そのまま
意図 want to V If S is to V

例)

Nobody was to be seen on the street.

We are to go to school.

The company president is to come to our department.

She was never to see her mother.

If you are to suceeed in the college entrance exam, you must work hard.

 

答え:2

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