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(予定 12/20 17:00~)

宿題

1)  Please be as quiet as you [  16  ].

  should

  might

  can

  may

 

2)  I have no doubt [  17  ] he will keep his promise.

  of

  whether

  for

  that

 

3)  She is said to [  18  ] a beauty in her youth.

  have been

  be

  had been

  will have been

 

※繰り上げ構文

 

4)  John is not a man [  19  ] easily.

  to be frightened

  to fright

  to be frighten

  to afraid

 

5)  It’s not [  20  ] of a career, you may think.

  many

  both

  nothing

  much

 

6)  Aren’t you ashamed of [  21  ]?

  yourself

  ones

  you

  oneself

 

7)  Mary’s dress is similar [  22  ] appearance to her sister’s.

  of 

  in

  for

  with

 

8)  She spoke too fast for me to [  23  ] what she said.

  hold on

  get over

  make out

  run across

 

9)  We learned that the earth [  24  ] around the sun.

  go

  going

  goes

  gone

 

10)  Jane almost never studied while she was at college, [  25  ]?

  did she

  was she

  didn’t she

  wasn’t she

 

11)  I don’t know [  26  ] to open it with.

  how 

  why

  what

  when

 

12)  His work isn’t bad, but there is [  27  ] room for improvement.

  plenty of

  many of

  a number of

  all of

 

13)  It was not [  28  ] the baby was fed that he stopped crying.

  only

  so

  during

  until

 

14)  The meat was so [  29  ] that I couldn’t cut it with a knife.

  tough

  tender

  sharp

  difficult

 

15)  The cat is, so [  30  ], a member of my family.

  speak

  to tell

  to speak

  tell

解説メモ

1)  Please be as quiet as you [  16  ].

①  should    ②  might    ③  can    ④  may

 

as+形容詞・副詞

so+形容詞・副詞

too+形容詞・副詞

how+形容詞・副詞

 

as ~ as S can

as ~ as S could

as ~ as possbile

 

Be quiet.→ Be as quiet as you can.

 

2)  I have no doubt [  17  ] he will keep his promise.

①  of    ②  whether    ③  for    ④  that

 

1  have no doubt of 名詞

2  have no doubt about 名詞

3  have no doubt (that) SV

 ※このthatは接続詞のthat

 

3)  She is said to [  18  ] a beauty in her youth.

①  have been    ②  be    ③  had been    ④  will have been

 

3

繰り上げ構文

It is said that SV —.

↑↓

S is said to V原形 —.

S is said to have Vpp —.

 

It is said that he is kind.

↑↓

He is said to be kind.

 

 

It is said that he was kind.

↑↓

He is said to have been kind.

 

It is said that she was a beauty in her youth.

↑↓

She is said to [  18  ] a beauty in her youth.

 

It is believed that SV

It happens that SV

It turns out that SV

 

4)  John is not a man [  19  ] easily.

①  to be frightened    ②  to fright    ③  to be frighten

④  to afraid

 

fright 名詞  
shake with fright   ぎょっとして震える
in fright   ぎょっとして
     
frighten+人 他動詞≒scare ~をぎょっとさせる
frighten into Ving   人を脅して~させる
frighten out of Ving   人を脅して~しないようにさせる
be frightened be+形容詞 驚く、ぎょっとする
frighten away / off 他動詞 脅して追い払 scare away

 

動詞の接頭辞・接尾辞 [en-, -en]

tight → tighten

joy → enjoy

 

John is not a man to be frightened easily.

 

信頼できる人ではない。

He is not a person to be trusted.

He is not a man to be trusted.

 

そこには誰もいなかった。(見られなかった)

There was not a person to be seen there.

There was not a soul to be seen there.

 

5)  It’s not [  20  ] of a career, you may think.

①  many    ②  both    ③  nothing    ④  much

 

much of a ~

①ひどい~、すごい~

②否定文で)たいした~ではない

 

Was it much of a problem?

そんなに大きな問題でしたか?

 

I’m not much of a fluent speaker of English.

大した流暢には英語は話せないんですよ

 

carrier 運送会社

 

6)  Aren’t you ashamed of [  21  ]?

①  yourself    ②  ones    ③  you    ④  oneself

 

be ashamed of X

 

oneself

himself

herself

総合英語の代名詞

 

強調用法

She herself came to the party.

She came to the party herself.

 

再帰用法

I like me. △

I like myself. ○

 

7)  Mary’s dress is similar [  22  ] appearance to her sister’s.

①  of    ②  in    ③  for    ④  with

 

物・事 is familiar to 物・事が[人に]よく知られている
is familiar with 物・事 人が[物・事を]熟知している、[]精通している

 

in appearance 外見は、見たところは

 

keep up appearances 体裁をつくろう、見栄を張る

 

to all appearances どうみても
by all appearances  
from all appearances  

 

8)  She spoke too fast for me to [  23  ] what she said.

①  hold on    ②  get over    ③  make out    ④  run across

 

as/so/too/how +形容詞・副詞

 

hold on ①待つ
②話を切らないで待つ
get over ①向こう側に行く、乗り越える
②済ませる
(with)
③理解させる、伝える
make out (can)見分ける
②理解する、わかる that SV/wh-
③~であるかのように言う
run across (人に)偶然出会う≒meet by chance
(物)を偶然見つける

(問題など)に偶然出くわす

 

9)  We learned that the earth [  24  ] around the sun.

①  go    ②  going    ③  goes    ④  gone

 

■時制の一致

We know that he is kind.

↑↓

We knew that he was kind.

 

■時制の一致の例外

We know that light travels faster than sound.

 

10)  Jane almost never studied while she was at college, [  25  ]?

①  did she    ②  was she    ③  didn’t she    ④  wasn’t she

 

He is kind, isn’t he?

He isn’t kind, is he?

 

You like dogs, don’t you?

You didn’t like dogs, did you?

 

11)  I don’t know [  26  ] to open it with.

①  how    ②  why    ③  what    ④  when

 

疑問詞+to V

what to do 何をすべきか
when to do いつすべか
why to V  

 

  人関連
名詞 5つ what which who whose whom
名詞とセット3つ what+名詞 which+名詞   whose+名詞  

 

副詞 5つ 場所 理由 手段 程度
  where when why how how+形/

 

形容詞 1つ how

 

12)  His work isn’t bad, but there is [  27  ] room for improvement.

 

①  plenty of 可算名詞/不可算名詞
②  many of 限定詞 可算名詞
③  a number of 可算名詞

④  all of

 

a room / rooms 可算名詞 部屋
room 不可算名詞 余地、空間

 

almost+名詞

 

暗記

almost all of my cars
almost all × my cars
almost all × × cars

 

some of 限定詞 cars

some of my cars

many of the cars

either of these cars

 

限定詞 ①冠詞 a / an / the
  ②所有格 his / my
  ③指示形容詞 this/that/these/those

 

13/15 ラスト3

13)  It was not [  28  ] the baby was fed that he stopped crying.

①  only    ②  so    ③  during    ④  until

 

until / till ~まで 前置詞・接続詞

 

He did not stop crying <until the baby was fed>.

↑↓

②疑問倒置型

Not <until the baby was fed> did he stop crying.

↑↓

③強調構文型

It was not <until the baby was fed> that he stopped crying.

 

 

14/15 ラスト2

14)  The meat was so [  29  ] that I couldn’t cut it with a knife.

①  tough    ②  tender    ③  sharp    ④  difficult

 

15/15 ラスト

15)  The cat is, so [  30  ], a member of my family.

①  speak    ②  to tell    ③  to speak    ④  tell

 

so to say いわば
so to speak いわば
as it were いわば

 

to tell (you) the truth,

The truth be told,

解答

1)  ③

2)  ④

3 ①

4) 

5) 

6) 

7)  ②

8)  ③

9) 

10)  ①

11) 

12) 

13)  ④

14)  ①

15) 

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